Programme régional de résilience à l’insécurité alimentaire et nutritionnelle au Sahel (P2RS)


Impact of COVID-19 Pandemic on Food and Nutrition Security (FNS) Situation in the Sahel and West Africa: Summary Report of Nigeria

FCTTheunprecedented emergence of the corona virus disease (COVID -19) pandemic has induced difficulties in the daily lives of people around the world. A situation which has continued to evoke new changes in the normal functioning of economic, social, educational and political structures globally, with particularconcerns in LMICs which were already faced with dysfunctional socioeconomic and health systems prior before the outbreakof the epidemic. Estimatesby the ‘’State of Food and Nutrition Insecurity’’indicates that theglobal numbers of people under the threat of acute food insecurity in LMICs is expected to double globally from 185 to nearly 265 million by the end of the year 2020(SOFI,2020). Similarly, reports by theFood Crisis Prevention Network(RPCA) revealed that the Covid-19 health crisis could tip over 51 million additional people(currently “stressed” –phase 2of FNI) into a food and nutrition crisis;andabout 2.5 million children aged under 5 in SSA and West Africa LMICs will be affected by poor nutritional practices, lack of preventive action, closure of health centre and no standard treatment services for severe malnutrition. These increasesin the estimated number of vulnerabilitiesisa resultant of the inability of several countries to immediately rectify the failuresof food production and supply system optimalfunctionality in the short-term owing to theseveral movement restrictions measures which has affectedthe free movement of goods and services and other economic variables.However, in the agricultural sub-sector, a major restriction measure that has continued to effect household’sfood access and FNI stability is the physical and social distancingwhich has had implicative consequences onlivelihoods, income generating activities and access to agricultural inputs (land, seeds, credit support, labor, extension services and support among others).

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